Background: Spain’s powerful world empire of the 16th and 17th centuries ultimately yielded command of the seas to <st1:place>England. Subsequent failure to embrace the mercantile and industrial revolutions caused the country to fall behind Britain,France, and Germanyin economic and political power. Spain remained neutral in World Wars I and II, but suffered through a devastating Civil War (1936-39). In the second half of the 20th century, it has played a catch-up role in the western international community. Continuing concerns are large-scale unemployment and the Basque separatist movement. People Population: 39,996,671 (July 2000 est.)
Population growth rate: 0.11% (2000 est.)
Birth rate: 9.22 births/1,000 population (2000 est.)
Death rate: 9.03 deaths/1,000 population (2000 est.)
Net migration rate: 0.88 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2000 est.)
Ethnic groups: composite of Mediterranean and Nordic types
Religions: Roman Catholic 99%, other 1%
Languages: Castilian Spanish (official) 74%, Catalan 17%, Galician 7%, Basque 2%
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 97%
Education system in Spain
Article 27 of the Spanish Constitution 1978 reads:
The Spanish Educational System.
1. Basic education is compulsory and free of charge, and it is extended up to the age of 16, the legal age for starting work.
Schooling in Spain is not mandatory until the age of six. However recently, the Spanish government has undertaken a new drive to provide early childhood education to many, citing that it’s never too early to start learning.
The preschool education takes place in two phases, from birth to three years old and then from three years old to six years old. The latter half is free.
These centres seek to be more than just a day care facility. They are meant to focus on three main processes
• Self-knowledge and personal autonomy.
Many preschools begin between around 7am to facilitate working parents who need to get to work on time, and stay open until 5pm or later.
Do note that children in the Spain are enrolled according to the year in which they are born, and not the months unlike some countries. Therefore they may be placed in a year above their level. Since failing and repeating a year of school is common, teachers usually are not worried if the child is a little over his head.
Primary school hours differ from preschool. The school day typically starts at 9am, break for lunch at either 12 noon or 12:30 pm, recommence at 3pm or 3:30 pm and finish at 5 pm. Children can go home for lunch, but many teachers recommend that they stay at school to help with socializing and learning Spanish.
At 16, the student will receive a Certificate of Education. At that time they may go on to
Doing the Bachillerato is necessary if the student wants to attend university in Spain. This starts at age 16 after mandatory secondary education. The process involves a two-year-programme in three different tracks (Arts, Science and Technology, and Humanities and Social Sciences). Then the General Bachillerato Exam is taken to achieve the official certification of bachiller. If a student does not pass the exam but passes all of the Bachillerato subjects, they can receive a certificate which allows them to work and then take a test to go on intermediate level professional training.
NB: Should you plan to return to your home country during these years, your child should follow the admissions procedure as directed by the local school board. Most schools only require a transcript from the Spanish school in order to enrol.
The university system is divided into three levels, the equivalent of a bachelor’s, master’s and then doctorate.
Bachelor’s programmes require a total of 240 credits and usually consist of three to four academic year programmes.
A master’s degree requires 60 to 120 credits, consisting normally of one to two academic year programmes, and the public defence of a thesis.
Finally if you wish to apply for a doctorate, you will need the previous possession of a University Master degree.
The postgraduate studies are divided into two cycles, one of study that requires 60 credits, and another of research. The public defence of a doctoral thesis, an original work of research in any field, is required. There is no time limit for doctoral programmes, but they typically require three to four years of study and research.
We are newly introducing Spain to the most integrated student whose those are enable and as much perspective students. We will allow some students under our scholarship programme. For further details please contact our counselor.
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